In 1679 the colony had 289 Europeans of whom 142 were free-burghers and 191 slaves. Three watch-houses were also built. For descendants of Hermannburg and Berlin missionaries and colonists, for the New Germany settlers and other settlers in the old Natal and Transvaal, quite a lot of information is available already. European settlement in the area that today is South Africa began in 1652, with the Dutch occupation of Table Bay, now Cape Town, South Africa's parliamentary capital. A history of the first settlements 1628-1677, The Castle of Good Hope: A Dutch Fort in South Africa, The Dutch Heritage in South Africa: the Afrikaans Language and the Dutch Reformed Church, The Dutch on São Tomé and Principe: the attacks on the island of Principe (1598) and São Tomé (1599), The Dutch on Mauritius 1638-1658, 1664-1710, The Portuguese on the Persian Gulf and on the Arabian Peninsula, The Portuguese in Ceylon: The Portuguese in Sri Lanka before the war with the Dutch, The Jesuit Missions in South America: Jesuits Reductions in Paraguay, Argentina, Brazil, Fort Jesus Mombasa: a Portuguese fortress in Kenya, India. In the decades and centuries that followed, the Dutch spoken there, detached from its ancestor in Europe, underwent internal developments as well as influences from other languages (such as Khoisan languages, South-African Malay, … the Dutch in the south of the continent. Afrikaans developed from Hollandic (Hollands), a vernacular of the Dutch language, which is spoken is South Holland. Bibliography of Dutch Colonial History 17th-18th century, Dutch Colonial Empire. It was initially meant to be a small port town for ships traveling to India, but eventually became a full settlement. The flag used is that of the South African Republic, an independent state that lasted from the First Boer War … From October 11, 1899, until May 31, 1902, the Second Boer War (also known as the South African War and the Anglo-Boer War) was fought in South Africa between the British and the Boers (Dutch settlers in southern Africa). Choose from 116 different sets of term:boers = dutch settlers of south africa flashcards on Quizlet. Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie - 1602-1799. 1652 - The Dutch East India Company establishes the Dutch Cape Colony. It evolved through the 18th century. Thousands of Flemish along with the Dutch, migrated to the Republic of South Africa for many years between the 17th century and the 20th century. They arrived in the bay of today’s Cape Town – later named Table Bay/Tafelbaai – on 6 April 1652 on board of five ships: the “Reijger”, the “Oliphant”, the “Goede Hoop”, the “Walvisch” and the “Drommedaris”. List of Dutch colonial forts and possessions, Arabia and Persian Gulf. Hollandic was the main language of the Dutch settlers in the country. List of Dutch colonial forts and possessions, South East Asia and the Far East. During the Tulbagh successor, Joachim van Plettenberg (1771-1785), the exploration of the Orange River valley was completed. The Dutch were the first to really begin colonizing South Africa, with Dutch settlers called Afrikaners fighting violently against the indigenous Khoikhoi people for control. Author and Copyright Marco Ramerini, As Prof. Ch. In 1717 there were more than 5,000 souls, of whom 2,500 were Europeans in the colony (in most cases farmers and breeders) and 2,500 slaves. The development of a community of free-burghers was the main secret of the success of the settlement. Douwe Gerbens, later known as Douwe Gerbrandt Steyn, Project Help: How to add Text to a Project - Starter Kit, http://motherearthtravel.com/history/south-africa/history-4.htm, http://www.colonialvoyage.com/eng/africa/south_africa/dutch.html, Dutch names' Pronounciation & Transliteration, A short History of Holland, Belgium and Luxembourg, Huguenot Walloon Immigration to South Africa, WELKOM CUZZINS: Geni SA Projects' Main Site Index & Help Page, South African Genealogical Reference Centre, Please add the profiles of Dutch Progenitors - (not their entire families and descendants!) I designed some internet sites including the www.colonialvoyage.com site dedicated to the history of geographical exploration and colonialism. List of Dutch colonial forts and possessions, Central America. Join Geni to explore your genealogy and family history in the World's Largest Family Tree. maps, 2 voll. He was the Mauritius-born Simon van der Stel. I have already mentioned the Afrikaans language. It is also a place where you can share links to online resources, tell other users where records etc. As a result it was looked down on as a kombuistaal (kitchen language) by the wealthier settlers who spoke High Dutch. The island nation of Madagascar is excluded because of its distinct language and cultural heritage. Swan Sonnenschein & Co., 1897, London, United Kingdom. The coritemp. In 1679, the colony had 289 Europeans of whom 142 were free-burghers and 191 slaves. In the 1680s 50 more Dutch and German farmers and women from orphanages arrived and at the end of the decade 200 by Hugenots arrived. The small initial group of free burghers steadily increased in number and began to expand their farms further north and east into the territory of the Khoikhoi who were driven from their traditional lands. In 1795, the British, who were at war with France, invaded the Cape Peninsula from False Bay and took over the … The VOC had a big impact on South Africa, but they weren't the only Dutch trading company. Greed and Graft 1699-1702. The first European settlers in South Africa were sponsored by the Dutch East India Company which controlled Netherlands trade between India and East Asia. This is easily done from the profile page using the. Please enable JavaScript in your browser's settings to use this part of Geni. Castle of Good Hope (Kasteel de Goede Hoop), Cape Town, South Africa. At the 1802 Treaty of Amiens the Netherlands (now Batavian Republic) recovered the colony. Final colonization was taken over by the British which also began a large conflict with the Dutch, or the Boers, and the English. Settling in South Africa . The station was initially staffed with VOC officials, and supplemented by ‘free burgers’ who were demobilised soldiers and sailors who were instructed to grow produce. Afrikaans is not only spoken by the White peoples of Dutch, Huguenot and German descent (about 60% of South Africa’s Whites), but also by the majority (about 90%) of the people of mixed descent (Coloureds). Harmen Barentsz from Rotterdam on the De Schelde; sailor; a.1688; freed 1691. During the government of Ryk Tulbagh (1751-1771) the Orange River was reached. true. Cape Town is the second largest city in South Africa and one of the nation’s cultural and economic centers. The Boers (Dutch settlers) in South Africa resented British rule. If you do not know how to do this please contact one of the other collaborators to assist you. Immigration to RSA has slowed down drastically, but the remnants of a huge Flemish population still exist in Southern Africa. 76 G. M. Theal in his History of South Africa under the D.E.I.C., ii, 28, gives a highly tendentious account of this episode, laying the blame for the violence and robbery on the Khoi servants and exonerating the settlers under Willem van Wyk. Bibliography of Dutch Colonial History 17th-18th century, Malacca, Thailand, and Philippines. I have published some writings on the history of geographical exploration and colonialism, particularly on the spice islands, the Moluccas. In 1812 the British founded Grahamstown and in 1820 4,000 Britons were granted land by the Great Fish River. https://www.politifact.com/.../coulters-strange-claim-dutch-settlers-preceded-bla Enslaving the KoiKhoi was forbidden by the VOC, and so in order to meet the labour demands of the settlers from 1658 slaves were imported to the Cape in large numbers from Indonesia, India, Madagascar and Mozambique. Dutch has been present in South Africa since the establishment in 1652 of the first permanent Dutch settlement around what is now Cape Town. A shipwrecked Portuguese Galleon, A Portuguese fort in Madagascar: the fort near Tolanaro, The Portuguese in the Moluccas: Ternate and Tidore, Tidore: The Spanish forts on the island of Tidore, 1606-1663, South East Asia and in Far East Asia. The Dutch came to Cape Town South Africa in 1652 and the Dark Continent would never be the same. Finally they were rescued by a fleet of 12 ships under the command of W.G. Southern Africa, southernmost region of the African continent, comprising the countries of Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. In 1659 wine was pressed from Cape grapes for the first time. This policy was called _____. So sad that anyone in the world … List of Portuguese colonial forts and possessions, List of Danish colonial forts and possessions, The French in Brazil: Saint-Alexis, France Antarctique (Rio de Janeiro), Ipiapaba and Sao Luís do Maranhão, Russian presence in Hawaii. Jan van Riebeeck was aboard one of these ships. In the 17th century, the southernmost point of Africa where the Atlantic and Indian oceans meet became a desirable half-way haven for the Dutch East India Company which was trading with India. The only thing is that the article must be original and not previously published on other websites. In 1655 the first coast vessel made of Cape timber was lauched. Shortly after the establishment of the colony, slaves were imported from East Africa, Madagascar and the East Indies. Expansion and Exploration 1680-1698. Bibliography of Dutch Colonial History 17th-18th century, Malacca, Thailand, and Philippines. 118,693 Views. In 1785 a new governor was appointed: He was van de Graaff. La Fontaine was a quietly efficient governor. Please only add the profiles of the Stamvaders/Progenitors who came from The Netherlands/Holland. The History of Trincomalee (Sri Lanka) during Portuguese and Dutch rule, Trincomalee: The first British occupation and the definitive Dutch surrender, Trincomalee: The consolidation of the Dutch presence, Trincomalee: The new Dutch occupation and the reconstruction of the Fort, Trincomalee: The Dutch conquest and the abandonment of the Fort, Trincomalee: The arrival of the Danes, the Dutch and the construction of the Portuguese Fort, The History of Trincomalee during Portuguese and Dutch rule: Introduction, The Dutch Fort of Galle in Sri Lanka (Ceylon), The Fort of Malacca: Portuguese-Dutch Fortress of Malacca (Melaka), The abortive expedition of Don Juan de Silva against the Dutch in the East Indies (1612-1616), Recife Forts: Fort do Brum, Fort das Cinco Pontas, Recife: the capital of sugar cane of Colonial Brazil, Fort Orange (Oranje), Itamaracá: a Dutch fortress in Brazil, Dutch in Chile: Hendrick Brouwer’s expedition to Valdivia, Dutch New York: The Dutch settlements in North America, Dutch and Courlanders on Tobago. The first fifty years of Dutch colonisation as seen by callers” 2 vols Vol. Vol. Then the site www.borghiditoscana.net dedicated to my region: Tuscany. In 1691, the population was 1000 Europeans and 400 Slaves. In order to do this use the drop down menu at the top left of the screen and. Settlers were leaving Cape Town in their creaking ox drawn wagons and moving into nearby fertile valleys. Boer, (Dutch: “husbandman,” or “farmer”), a South African of Dutch, German, or Huguenot descent, especially one of the early settlers of the Transvaal and the Orange Free State. A school was opened to teach Dutch and religion to the children of the white settlers and to the Mulattos and Hottentots, too. The Boer settlers were Dutch farmers who went to South Africa. and also those of prominent, famous Dutch. Written by Marco Ramerini. If you want to publish a study with regard to the geographical discoveries or colonialism, please contact me I will be happy to post it on Colonialvoyage. In this year a new governor was appointed. English text revision by Dietrich Köster. Cecil Rhodes. English settlers in substantial numbers first entered South African in 1820s as part of a government program to relieve poverty at home. My e-mail is at the bottom of the page. Boer War. All rights reserved. I learned of the Dutch involvement in South Africa through Mandela's book. Stellenbosch, South Africa. The Boers, also known as Afrikaners, were the descendants of the original Dutch settlers of southern Africa. The first school to be built in South Africa by the settlers were for the sake of the slaves who had been rescued from a Portuguese slave ship and arrived at the Cape with the Amersfoort in 1658. WELKOM CUZZINS! In February 1699 Simon van der Stel handed over the government to his son Willem Adriaan van der Stel. The first governor born in the Cape was appointed in 1739. Author and Copyright Marco Ramerini. List of Dutch forts and colonial possessions, North America. This group of first settlers … In 1730 the Little Karoo valley was reached and in 1734 he started to colonize the Mossel Baai area. Saldanha Bay, Dassen Island and Robben Island were developed as outposts of trade and stock raising. The first European settlers in South Africa were sponsored by the Dutch East India Company which controlled Netherlands trade between India and East Asia. With colonialism, which began in South Africa in 1652, came the Slavery and Forced Labour Model. British imperialist; founded De Beers Diamond Company. Russian forts and settlements in Hawaii, Arguin: A Portuguese Fortress in Mauritania 1445-1633, West Africa. – Raven-Hart, R. “Cape of Good Hope 1652-1702. These early colonists, later known as Boers, meaning farmers in Dutch, came as part of an expedition led by Jan van Riebeek, representing the Dutch East India Company. Secondly, South Africa gained its Huntington's Disease, for example, is more common among the Afrikaner or Dutch-descent population of South Africa than in most other populations, because a gene for Huntington's happened to be unusually common among the small group of original Dutch colonists. Indian slaves from the Dutch colonies had been introduced into the Cape area of South Africa by the Dutch settlers in 1654. During his administration he had several problems with the French Huguenot settlers. Please feel free to add to the information here and to correct any information which you consider to be incorrect. Geni requires JavaScript! The Boers in the late 18th century regarded South Africa as their fatherland. Bibliography of Dutch Colonial History 17th-18th century, Indonesia. n° 29; Nizza da Silva, M. B. Posted by: Marco Ramerini History. Bibliography of Dutch Colonial History 17th-18th century, Ceylon (Sri Lanka). Copyright © 1998-2020. The colonization of South Africa took place in the early 1800s by the British. The shipwreck victims built a small fort named "Sand Fort of the Cape of Good Hope". On 18 Janaury 1806 he surrendered the colony to the British at Blaauwberg. In 1657 two groups of farmers settled about three miles from the castle at Groenevelt (or Dutch Garden) and Rondebosch. Bibliography of Dutch Colonial History 17th-18th century, Africa. In 1652 the Dutch East India Company charged Jan The first European settlement in southern Africa was established by the Dutch East India Company in Table Bay (Cape Town) in 1652. These defences were extended from Blaauwberg across the bay to Salt River and then through Groote Schuur to the hill of Wynberg. The principles of Christianity were also introduced at the school resulting in the baptisms of many slaves and indigenous residents. This evolved from Dutch but also contained Malay and Portuguese Creole words. One of their first tasks was to try to resolve the border disputes between the Boers and the Xhosa on the eastern frontier. n° 4, 1995; pp. I: xvi+222 pp. Paarl, South Africa. Native South Africans are a strong community, but their voice is rarely heard. One of the aims of the settlement was to increase revenue for the VOC who controlled trade with the free burgers, the Khoikhoi and passing ships. The Dutch claimed that they had purchased the land from Osingkhima leader of the Khokhoi group known as the Goringhaiqua with brandy, tobacco and bread. The descendants of the settlers have kept many of their traditions alive As the name suggests, the Dutch Reformed Church (Nederduitse Gereformeerde Kerk) in South Africa owes its origins and predominantly Calvinist theology to the Reformed Church in the Netherlands. 293-313 Also in: “International Journal of African Historical Studies” Vol. During the first years the natives were the most persistent problem of the colony. 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