Someone should never act when he is attached to the consequences of that action. 9.30am: The Bhagavad Gita. All we see are manifestations of the one. What's your favourite Fairy Tales (and their possible origins), Dinner Invitations for Famous People from the Past, about How Ancient Bengalis Established Buddhism in Tibet, about Atoning for Your Sins in the Himalayas: The Panch Kedar Pilgrimage, about Deciphering the Deities of Hinduism. The Bhagavad Gita is a smaller section of the epic poem, the Mahabharata. Mahabharata. If the Mahabharata anf Gita were written as a historical record around the actual event, it should be before Gautama's time. The Establishment Has Already Acknowledged A Lost Race of Giants - Part 1, How Rollo the Viking Conqueror Settled in Normandy, Enigmatic Carvings on Underwater Ruins in China Mystify Investigators, The ‘Dynastic Race’ and the Biblical ‘Japheth’ – Part I: After the Deluge, Crossing the Veil: The Pre-Christian Origins of Halloween and Samhain, Craniums and Controversies of the Chachapoya Cloud Warriors. Yoga, in this case, simply means any sort of spiritual discipline that allows a person to become one with God, or the true Self. Encyclopaedia Britannica. (19), CC BY-NC-SA: Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike, The first reason Krishna mentions is that because atman (the Self) is eternal; it is a mistake to think that one can actually kill someone. Jnana yoga is achieved when a person realizes that all the worldly things used to define self, such as wealth, fame, status, etc., are all illusions and do not really define the true self. This ancient Indian text is about the search for serenity, calmness, and permanence in a world of rapid change and how to integrate spiritual values into ordinary life. Unborn, eternal, immutable, immemorial, you do not die when the body dies.” (Bhagavad Gita 2:19-20). Our open community is dedicated to digging into the origins of our species on planet earth, and question wherever the discoveries might take us. Messiah on Temple Mount: Are We Nearing the End of Time? 12th century sculpture showing one of the yoga positions from the Bhagavad Gita. Although it is normally edited as an independent text, the Bhagavad Gita became a section of a massive Indian epic named “The Mahabharata,” the longest Indian epic. This teaching is also echoed in psychological research which has shown that people who are materialistic and spend their lives pursuing material wealth, career success, and status in order to define themselves are perpetually unhappy and unsatisfied. The Gita challenges the general consensus that only ascetics and monks can live a perfect spiritual life through renunciation and emphasizes the value of an active spiritual life. Jnana yoga is one of the several spiritual paths in the Bhagavad Gita, it emphasizes the ‘path of knowledge’ also known as the ‘path of self-realization’. The Kauravas believe themselves to be the rightful rulers of the kingdom so they force the Pandavas into exile. The words ‘Bhagavad Gita’ mean ‘song of God’. If Gita was added later then it can be at any time. Harvard Divinity School. There are also instances, however, where people are Rh-Negative. I am especially interested in classical Greek history... Read More, Regarding Dates for GITA’S ORIGIN The Internal evidence clearly shows it was written after  500 AD Premise 1: Vasubandhu – Tibetian / Chinese  lived between 4th and 5th century AD Budhist Monk from Gandhara He wrote the famous VIGNANA VADA  Premise 2 Brahma Sutra 2:2: 28-32 says it was written to refute  VIGNANA VADA along with others Details in the linkhttps://www.swami-krishnananda.org/bs_2/bs_2-2-04.htmlYou can verify this with other commentary/ translation as well, viz.. Shankara  Premise 3: What does Gita say 13:5:ऋषिभिर्बहुधा गीतं छन्दोभिर्विविधै: पृथक् |ब्रह्मसूत्रपदैश्चैव हेतुमद्भिर्विनिश्चितै: || 5 || ṛiṣhibhir bahudhā gītaṁ chhandobhir vividhaiḥ pṛithakbrahma-sūtra-padaiśh chaiva hetumadbhir viniśhchitaiḥ SO CONCLUSIONSo as per GITA – Brahma Sutra already exists, But Brahma sutra says, it was written to refute the challenge of vignana vada of vasubandhu, But Vasubandhu was born in 5th Century AD  SO when do you think Gita was written..? On the eve of a battle at Kurukshetra, Arjuna, and the Pandavas are about to fight and kill the Kauravas when Arjuna hesitates. (Aavindraa / Public Domain ). I have participated in archaeological excavations in Greece and San Diego. Set around the time of a great war, the text starts off with Prince Arjuna asking Krishna for guidance. The Indus River Valley Civilization: Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa . So Krishna surely existed before Buddha. ", Jataka tales of Buddhism talk about the Buddha teaching Krishna in his past life. San Jose State University. Essentially, to know or commune with God means self-realization. It is an attempt to make a synthesis of diverse philosophical views expressed in varied concepts such as Samkhya, Yoga, Vedanta, as well as the Upanishads and bhakti ideas. And then Arjuna rises and acts. Arjuna is worried about entering the battle and destroying his own family, so Krishna begins by explaining five reasons why Arjuna should not be troubled by this. Brahman is at once the pure transcendent Self and the immanent force pervading and sustaining all reality. Date Unknown. To put it simply, the Gita is believed to be a record of a conversation between Prince Arjuna and his friend Sri Krishna. The history of the Indian sub-continent’s Bengal region dates back to ancient times. 2015. Bhagavad Gita provides a philosophy and a way of life based on the philosophy. The soul can only be satisfied with things that are immaterial, that is, the pursuit of God. The supreme being is also just as present in the individual person. We’re the only Pop Archaeology site combining scientific research with out-of-the-box perspectives. Gita is one of the most influential treatise in eastern philosophy. Introduction. Rh-Negative Blood: An Exotic Bloodline or Random Mutation? The Mahabharata contains numerous myths and legends about gods and heroes in Hinduism. The events in the Mahabharata are traditionally believed to have occurred around 3102 BC, but historians are uncertain when the events in the Mahabharata took place. Bhagavad-gita is also known as Gitopanisad. At the back of his mind, th… The third way is Karma yoga (“the way of action” or “the way of works”). [Online] Available at: http://www.sjsu.edu/faculty/watkins/indus.htm, I have a bachelor's degree in earth science but I minored in anthropological archaeology and have attended an archaeological field school. It contains the direct message of God. THE MOST WIDELY READ EDITION OF THE GITA IN THE WORLD. 2016. Philosophy of the Bhagavad Gita. Little is known about the Indus River Valley Civilization, but archaeologists and prehistorians believe that its founders were probably related to the Dravidian-speaking peoples of southern India and they may have had connections with the ancient Sumer in Mesopotamia. At Ancient Origins, we believe that one of the most important fields of knowledge we can pursue as human beings is our beginnings. Christianity, Islam, and Judaism have a very similar teaching, though they use a different word for attachment: idolatry. THE PHILOSOPHY OF THE BHAGAVADGITA . First, the Gita is ancient wisdomand its’ philosophy is universal, since it covers everything - individual (vyashti), society (samashti), nature (srishti) and divinity (parameshti) [1]. The verse 10.20 tells the nature of God, living beings and the world, and their relationship. “What does the U.S. government really know about UFOs and for how long have they known it?” Ufologists and UFO experiencers have been asking these questions for decades, and it seems that answers are finally emerging. On the one hand it seems that Krishna is sovereign over the law of karma, and uses it as an instrument for punishment or reward. Sivananda Ashram, Rishikesh, India . It contains the direct message of God. Krishna sees Arjuna quitting and begins to persuade Arjuna that he should stick to his duty as a warrior and engage the enemy. The Bhagavad Gita is probably the most famous and popular Hindu text. He realizes the people he is about to fight are his kinsmen and he questions the morality of his actions. Can Ancient Temples Unearthed in Ayodhya Put Religious Dispute to Bed? The philosophy of Bhagavad Gita is the philosophy of the Veda, which is the philosophy of Hinduism. This is a major battle and it takes place in Kurukshetra, “the field of the Kurus,” in the modern state of Haryana in India. Attachment dilutes a person’s ability to think clearly about himself. Sometimes emotions like fear, embarrassment, or anxiety can interfere in the outcome of what we do. Like the Vedas and the Upanishads, the authorship of the Bhagavad Gita is unclear. Human beings have a physical body, but the true Self is the soul, or atman, not the physical body. The way of karma involves acting in a way that is completely unattached to the consequences of that action. about Can Ancient Temples Unearthed in Ayodhya Put Religious Dispute to Bed? CIA Document Dump Reveals 70 Years Of US Government UFO Info. Huffington Post. The Abrahamic faiths, for example, also emphasize that true human happiness is gained through communion with the divine. The statue is of a mythical creature known as Makara. Gita's teachings could be classified of moral (ethical) value, since they discuss virtue under its Indian generic name of dharma. Another reason given by Krishna is that the source of evil is not in actions, but in passion and desires, the intentions behind the actions. These things are temporary and changing and thus cannot really define the true self. Dr. Stephen Thompson | 09.30– 10.45. Either way, most scholars believe that it post-dates the life of Siddhartha Gautama . [Online] Available at: https://rlp.hds.harvard.edu/religions/buddhism/becoming-buddha-way-meditation, The Religious Literacy Project. 16 From the Hindu Bhagavad Gita “When doubts haunt me, when disappointments stare me in the face, and I see not one ray of hope on the horizon, I turn to Bhagavad-Gita and find a verse to comfort me; and I immediately begin to smile in the midst of overwhelming sorrow. Atman represents the changeless, immortal soul which does not die. Health problems may occur for the unborn child of a mother with Rh-Negative blood when the baby is Rh-Positive. What Happened to the Sunken City of Cuba? Some scholars believe that the events that inspired the legendary story of the Mahabharata most likely occurred in 1500 BC or even 900 BC. Rise of Civilization. All other beings are simply manifestations of this greater being. (Abhishekjoshi / Public Domain ). The discourse was delivered originally in Sanskrit, but today its translations are available almost in every language. God, in this case, is defined as the pure unadulterated, undifferentiated Self. The universality of some of the teachings of the Bhagavad Gita , such as the folly of attachment to material things, and the importance of pursuing the divine, does not necessarily mean that everything in the Bhagavad Gita is true, but it does show that the Bhagavad Gita reflects something that seems to be a universal feature of the human religious consciousness. Krishna defines three paths or yogic philosophies, Jnana (self-knowledge) Yoga, Karma (action) Yoga, and Bhakti (devotion) Yoga. (Napoleon 100 / Public Domain ). Return of the Ancient Gods: The Resurgence of Paganism, Ancient Anomalous Human Skeletons: Humanity Could be Much Older Than We Think, The origins of human beings according to ancient Sumerian texts, Petroglyphic Features of Portable Rock Art, The Northern Mysteries Current: Futhark and Mystery Schools of the Viking Age, Floki and the Viking Discovery of Iceland. It is unknown how much of the Indus River Valley Civilization is preserved in modern Indian culture , but statues dating to the time of the Indus River Valley Civilization depict what appear to be human figures in known yoga positions. Here are four essential verses from the Bhagavad Gita, that covers the basic topics. The goal of Ancient Origins is to highlight recent archaeological discoveries, peer-reviewed academic research and evidence, as well as offering alternative viewpoints and explanations of science, archaeology, mythology, religion and history around the globe. You were never born; you will never die. 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