Man Singh I was the only Hindu subedar. Led by Bakhtiar Khilji, an army of several thousand horsemen from the Ghurids overwhelmed Bengali Hindu forces during a blitzkrieg campaign. From the 1850s, industry was centered around the capital Calcutta. The All India Muslim League was created during a conference on liberal education hosted by the Nawab of Dhaka in Eastern Bengal and Assam. Our mission is to provide an online platform to help students to discuss anything and everything about history. Henceforth known as British India, it was thereafter directly ruled as a colonial possession of the United Kingdom, and India was … [60], Under Mughal rule, Bengal was a center of the worldwide muslin and silk trades. Content Guidelines 2. The city-based Hindu middle classes became the fiery champions of All-India based nationalism. The first traces of West Bengal's history are recorded to belong to the Vedic era when the state was inhabited by myriads of people of varying origin and ethnicity. It boosted British prestige and at a single stroke raised them to the status of a major contender for the Indian empire. The Mughal province of Bengal was termed Subah-i-Bangalah. The Ledo Road was constructed between Bengal and China through Allied controlled areas in northern Burma to supply the forces led by Chiang Kai Shek. Both universities were represented in the Bengal Legislative Assembly under the Government of India Act, 1935. Last Updated: 11th January, 2020 23:31 IST History Written During British Rule, After Independence Overlooked Several Major Aspects: PM Modi Prime Minister Narendra Modi said several important aspects of the country's history were overlooked by historians who wrote about it during the British rule and after Independence, and it seemed that the indigenous people of India did not exist at all. The lessons learnt there were profitably applied in Bengal. The largest seaport in British Bengal was the Port of Calcutta, one of the busiest ports in the erstwhile British Empire. It was created by the Indian Councils Act 1861 and reformed under the Indian Councils Act 1892, the Indian Councils Act 1909, the Government of India Act 1919 and the Government of India Act 1935. It was either under Magadh or under Kalinga Rules except few years under Pals. The Sultan of Bengal was styled as the Shah of Bangalah. A centre of rice cultivation and the world's main source of jute fibre; Bengal was one of India's largest industrial centers. Although some opponents to partition gave it a religious aspect by identifying closely with Kali, others stressed the unity of the Bengali nation, not religion. Moreover, the Company’s servants illegally sold the dastaks or free passes to friendly Indian merchants who were thereby able to evade the internal customs duties. However, the economy of Bengal became more dependent on agriculture. The Ostend Company of the Austrian Empire operated a settlement in Bankipur, Bengal during the 18th century. The Ganges and the Brahmaputra rivers act as a geographic marker of the region, but also connects the region to the broader Indian subcontinent. [83][84] In 1696, the English built Fort William on the bank of the Hooghly River. The French built a garden in Tejgaon. These included a realm led by Fakhruddin Mubarak Shah (and later his son) in Sonargaon;[55] a realm led by Alauddin Ali Shah in Gauda (also called Lakhnauti);[56] and a realm led by Shamsuddin Ilyas Shah in Satgaon. The Bengal Subah was part of a larger prosperous empire and shaped by imperial policies of pluralistic government. The Roman Catholic Churchwas est… Vijaya Sena, second ruler of the dynasty, defeated the last Pala emperor, Madanapala, and established his reign formally. [82] In 1689, the company attempted to take Chittagong and make it the headquarters of their Bengal trade but the English expedition found the port heavily defended. One of the notable properties of the French included the land of the Ahsan Manzil, where the French administrative building was located. Early Hindu numerals had only nine symbols, until 600 to 800 CE, when a symbol for zero was developed for the numeral system. The property was sold to Bengali aristocrats, who exchanged the property several times until it became the property of the Dhaka Nawab Family. Shaista Khan's conquest of Chittagong in 1666 defeated the (Burmese) Kingdom of Arakan and reestablished Bengali control of the port city. In 1666, the Mughal conquest of Chittagong resulted in the expulsion of Portuguese and Arakanese forces in the port city. Bengal was also the fostering ground for several prominent revolutionary organisations, the most notable of which was Anushilan Samiti. He ordered both the English and the French to demolish their fortifications at Calcutta and Chandernagore and to desist from fighting each other. In his endeavour to conquer the Utkala and Koshala, parts of Odisha today, he had to contest with the mighty Ganga king Anangabhima Chodaganga Deva. Units of the United States Armed Forces were stationed in Chittagong Airfield during the Burma Campaign 1944-1945. Cossimbazar and Balasore also hosted French factories.[85]. Eventually, the French presence in Bengal was only restricted to the colony of Chandernagore, which was administered by the governor in Pondicherry. The inscriptional evidences show that his kingdom was extended up to the present-day Comilla–Noakhali–Chittagong region. The Pala period is regarded as one of Bengal's golden ages. [29], The Iron Age saw the development of coinage, metal weapons, agriculture and irrigation. The battle was about to begin again. In 1352, Shamsuddin Ilyas Shah unified the three small sultanates in Bengal into a single government. Welcome to! Bengal played a major role in the Indian independence movement (including the Pakistan movement), in which revolutionary groups such as Anushilan Samiti and Jugantar were dominant. Famine had been a recurrent feature of life the Indian sub-continental countries of India, Pakistan and Bangladesh, most notoriously during British rule.Famines in India resulted in more than 60 million deaths over the course of the 18th, 19th, and early 20th centuries. The dynasty was founded by the first Nawab of Bengal Murshid Quli Khan. [50], The Pala dynasty was replaced by the resurgent Hindu Sena dynasty which hailed from south India; they and their feudatories are referred to in history books as the "Kannada kings." The Ilyas Shahi Dynasty was interrupted in 1414 by a native uprising but was restored by Nasiruddin Mahmud Shah in 1433. In 1919, they created different electorates for Muslims, Hindus and for other distinctive communities. Chandernagore was restored to the French in 1763. The breaking point came when, without taking the Nawab’s permission, the Company began to fortify Calcutta in expectation of the coming struggle with the French, who were stationed at this time at Chandernagore. The Governor of Bengal was concurrently the Governor-General of India for many years. The East India Company and its servants had highly profitable trading interests in the province. His wife Maharani Bhavashankari defeated the Pathan resurgence in Bengal[65] and her reign brought power, prosperity and grandeur to Bhurishrestha Kingdom. The name Pala (Bengali: পাল) means protector and was used as an ending to the names of all Pala monarchs. A confederation of twelve zamindar families resisted the expansion of the Mughal Empire during the 16th and 17th centuries. 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